Ruby语言开发环境的使用教程

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详细介绍

如今,计算机行业越来越受欢迎,越来越多的人想加入这个行业,其实作为一种不断发展的语言,Ruby也受到了越来越多的关注,爱站技术频道小编为大家介绍Ruby语言环境的使用教程。

安装Ruby 2.2

CentOS7存储库中的Ruby版本为2.0,但如果需要,可以使用RPM软件包安装2.2

1、添加CentOS SCLo软件集合存储库

  [root@linuxprobe ~]# yum -y install centos-release-scl-rh centos-release-scl  # set [priority=10]  [root@linuxprobe ~]# sed -i -e "s/\]$/\]\npriority=10/g" /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-SCLo-scl.repo  [root@linuxprobe ~]# sed -i -e "s/\]$/\]\npriority=10/g" /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-SCLo-scl-rh.repo  # for another way, change to [enabled=0] and use it only when needed  [root@linuxprobe ~]# sed -i -e "s/enabled=1/enabled=0/g" /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-SCLo-scl.repo  [root@linuxprobe ~]# sed -i -e "s/enabled=1/enabled=0/g" /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-SCLo-scl-rh.repo  # if [enabled=0], input a command to use the repository  [root@linuxprobe ~]# yum --enablerepo=centos-sclo-rh install [Package]  [root@linuxprobe ~]# yum --enablerepo=centos-sclo-sclo install [Package]  # 安装  yum --enablerepo=centos-sclo-rh -y install rh-ruby22

2、软件集合的软件包安装在/opt目录下, 要使用它,需要加载环境变量,如下所示:

  # 加载环境变量  [root@linuxprobe ~]# scl enable rh-ruby22 bash  [root@linuxprobe ~]# ruby -v  ruby 2.2.2p95 (2015-04-13 revision 50295) [x86_64-linux]  [root@linuxprobe ~]# which ruby  /opt/rh/rh-ruby22/root/usr/bin/ruby

3、设置登录时自动启用Ruby 2.2,按如下所示进行配置:

  [root@linuxprobe ~]# vim /etc/profile.d/rh-ruby22.sh  #!/bin/bash  source /opt/rh/rh-ruby22/enable  export X_SCLS="`scl enable rh-ruby22 'echo $X_SCLS'`"  export PATH=$PATH:/opt/rh/rh-ruby22/root/usr/local/bin

安装Ruby 2.3

  # 安装ruby  yum --enablerepo=centos-sclo-rh -y install rh-ruby23

1、软件集合的软件包安装在/opt目录下, 要使用它,需要加载环境变量,如下所示:

  # 加载环境变量  [root@linuxprobe ~]# scl enable rh-ruby23 bash  [root@linuxprobe ~]# ruby -v  ruby 2.2.2p95 (2015-04-13 revision 50295) [x86_64-linux]  [root@linuxprobe ~]# which ruby  /opt/rh/rh-ruby22/root/usr/bin/ruby

2、设置登录时自动启用Ruby 2.3,按如下所示进行配置:

  [root@linuxprobe ~]# vim /etc/profile.d/rh-ruby23.sh  #!/bin/bash  source /opt/rh/rh-ruby23/enable  export X_SCLS="`scl enable rh-ruby23 'echo $X_SCLS'`"  export PATH=$PATH:/opt/rh/rh-ruby23/root/usr/local/bin

安装Ruby on Rails 4来构建Ruby Framework环境

1、添加EPEL软件存储库

  [root@linuxprobe ~]# yum -y install epel-release  # set [priority=5]  [root@linuxprobe ~]# sed -i -e "s/\]$/\]\npriority=5/g" /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo  # for another way, change to [enabled=0] and use it only when needed  [root@linuxprobe ~]# sed -i -e "s/enabled=1/enabled=0/g" /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo  # if [enabled=0], input a command to use the repository  [root@linuxprobe ~]# yum --enablerepo=epel install [Package]

Ruby on Rails 4

1、安装Ruby 2.2,参考上面

2、安装依赖包(epel+SCLo)

  [root@linuxprobe ~]# yum --enablerepo=epel,centos-sclo-rh -y install rh-ruby22-ruby-devel nodejs libuv gcc make libxml2 libxml2-devel mariadb-devel zlib-devel libxslt-devel

安装Rails 4

  [root@linuxprobe ~]# gem install bundler  [root@linuxprobe ~]# gem install nokogiri -- --use-system-libraries  [root@linuxprobe ~]# gem install rails --version="~>4.0" --no-ri --no-rdoc  [root@linuxprobe ~]# /opt/rh/rh-ruby22/root/usr/local/bin/rails -v  Rails 4.2.8

Ruby on Rails 5

1、安装Ruby 2.3,参考上面

2、安装依赖包(epel+SCLo)

  [root@linuxprobe ~]# yum --enablerepo=epel,centos-sclo-rh -y install rh-ruby23-ruby-devel nodejs libuv gcc make libxml2 libxml2-devel mariadb-devel zlib-devel libxslt-devel

安装Rails 5

  [root@linuxprobe ~]# gem install bundler  [root@linuxprobe ~]# gem install nokogiri -- --use-system-libraries  [root@linuxprobe ~]# gem install rails --no-ri --no-rdoc  [root@linuxprobe ~]# rails -v  Rails 5.0.2

创建一个示例应用程序,并确保其正常工作

1、需要安装MariaDB服务

  [root@linuxprobe ~]# yum -y install mariadb-server  [root@linuxprobe ~]# vi /etc/my.cnf  # add follows within [mysqld] section  [mysqld]  character-set-server=utf8  [root@linuxprobe ~]# systemctl start mariadb  [root@linuxprobe ~]# systemctl enable mariadb  ln -s '/usr/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service' '/etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/mariadb.service'

2、初始化MariaDB

  [root@linuxprobe ~]# mysql_secure_installation    NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB    SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!    In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current  password for the root user. If you've just installed MariaDB, and  you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,  so you should just press enter here.    Enter current password for root (enter for none):  OK, successfully used password, moving on...    Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB  root user without the proper authorisation.    # set root password  Set root password? [Y/n] y  New password:  Re-enter new password:  Password updated successfully!  Reloading privilege tables..   ... Success!    By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone  to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for  them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation  go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a  production environment.  # remove anonymous users  Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y   ... Success!    Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This  ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.    # disallow root login remotely  Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y   ... Success!    By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can  access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed  before moving into a production environment.    # remove test database  Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y   - Dropping test database...   ... Success!   - Removing privileges on test database...   ... Success!    Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far  will take effect immediately.    # reload privilege tables  Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y   ... Success!    Cleaning up...    All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB  installation should now be secure.    Thanks for using MariaDB!    # connect to MariaDB with root  [root@linuxprobe ~]# mysql -u root -p  Enter password:  Welcome to the MariaDB monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.  Your MariaDB connection id is 11  Server version: 5.5.52-MariaDB MariaDB Server    Copyright (c) 2000, 2016, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.    Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.    # show user list  MariaDB [(none)]> select user,host,password from mysql.user;  +------+-----------+-------------------------------------------+  | user | host  | password         |  +------+-----------+-------------------------------------------+  | root | localhost | *E2ACEC2F2DA384EE6753673365DFEF35F0C272C9 |  | root | 127.0.0.1 | *E2ACEC2F2DA384EE6753673365DFEF35F0C272C9 |  | root | ::1  | *E2ACEC2F2DA384EE6753673365DFEF35F0C272C9 |  +------+-----------+-------------------------------------------+  3 rows in set (0.00 sec)    # show database list  MariaDB [(none)]> show databases;  +--------------------+  | Database   |  +--------------------+  | information_schema |  | mysql    |  | performance_schema |  +--------------------+  3 rows in set (0.00 sec)    MariaDB [(none)]> exit  Bye

3、创建测试应用程序

  [root@linuxprobe ~]# gem install mysql2 --no-ri --no-rdoc -- --with-mysql-config=/usr/bin/mysql_config  [root@linuxprobe ~]# rails new SampleApp -d mysql  [root@linuxprobe ~]# cd SampleApp  [root@linuxprobe SampleApp]# vi config/database.yml  default: &default   adapter: mysql2   encoding: utf8   pool: 5   username: root   password: password # MariaDB password   socket: /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock  # create test application  [root@dlp SampleApp]# rails db:create  Created database 'SampleApp_development'  Created database 'SampleApp_test'  [root@dlp SampleApp]# rails generate scaffold testapp name:string title:string body:text  [root@dlp SampleApp]# rails db:migrate  [root@dlp SampleApp]# rails server --binding=0.0.0.0  => Booting Puma  => Rails 5.0.2 application starting in development on http://0.0.0.0:3000  => Run `rails server -h` for more startup options  Puma starting in single mode...  * Version 3.8.2 (ruby 2.3.1-p112), codename: Sassy Salamander  * Min threads: 5, max threads: 5  * Environment: development  * Listening on tcp://0.0.0.0:3000  Use Ctrl-C to stop 

4、客户端访问http://10.1.1.53:3000/

Ruby语言开发环境的使用教程-第1张图片

总结

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